Federal Corporate and Individual Taxation 2016 - 40 CPE Credit Hours
Designed to make the practitioner comfortable with “high traffic” issues, this program enables participants to discuss and handle business/personal tax essentials. The course examines and explains the practical aspects of individual & corporate planning, bridging the gap between theory and application. Significant new developments are summarized with emphasis on tax savings ideas. This course examines and explains the practical aspects of using the closely held corporation to maximize after-tax return on business operations. Recent developments giving corporations a competitive edge over other entities are explored and detailed. Practitioners are alerted to often missed fringe benefits, retirement planning opportunities, corporate business deductions, income splitting possibilities and little known estate planning techniques.
Completion Deadline & Exam: This course, including the examination, must be completed within one year of the date of purchase. In addition, unless otherwise indicated, no correct or incorrect feedback for any exam question will be provided.
Course Level: Overview. This program is appropriate for professionals at all organizational levels.
Field of Study: Taxes
Prerequisite: General understanding of federal income taxation.
Recommended Credits: 40 CPE Hours
Advanced Preparation: None
Learning Assignments & Objectives
As a result of studying each assignment, you should be able to meet the objectives listed below each assignment.
Chapter 1 Individual Tax Elements
At the start of Chapter 1, participants should identify the following topics for study:
* Tax rates and tables
* Filing status
* Gross income
* Dividends and distributions
* Discharge of debt income
* Exclusions from income
* Nonbusiness and personal deductions
* Education and medical expenses
* Casualty and theft losses
* Tax credits
After reading Chapter 1, participants will be able to:
1. Identify federal revenue tax sources noting how gross income is reduced by certain credits, exclusions, and deductions, recognize current schedules, tables, and statutory amounts, and select withholding and/or estimated tax responsibility.
2. Specify the various filing statuses and their filing requirements noting the advantages and disadvantages of each.
3. Determine what constitutes gross income under §61 noting the tax treatment of compensation, fringe benefits, rental income, Social Security benefits, alimony, prizes and awards, identify dividend and distribution types and their tax differences, and specify how debt discharge can result in taxable income.
4. Identify the mechanics of income exclusions such as education-related exclusions, gift and inheritance exclusions, insurance, personal injury awards, interest on state and local obligations, and the foreign earned income exclusion.
5. Recognize income tax deductions and their use to reduce tax liability by:
a. Identifying personal, spousal and dependency exemptions and reporting requirements including pre-2005 dependency rules;
b. Specifying the five fundamental categories of interest expense noting whether they are deductible;
c. Recognizing which education expenses are deductible and nondeductible;
d. Determining what constitutes Medicare and whether medical care expenses including medical insurance premiums, costs for meals and lodging, transportation expenses, expenditures for making permanent improvements to a home and lifetime care advance payments are deductible or nondeductible;
e. Specifying variables that impact the deductibility of charitable contributions, identifying qualified organizations and limitations for these purposes, and identifying the types of contributions that can be made, their tax treatment, and substantiation requirements;
f. Identifying the taxes that individuals may deduct under §164 and specifying the differences between casualty and theft noting the rules for taking a deduction for all or part of each loss;
g. Specifying deductions that are subject to the 2% of AGI limitation, deductions not subject to the 2% limit, and nondeductible expenses; and
h. Determining whether a taxpayer meets distance and time tests for deductible moving expenses under §217.
6. Determine distinctions among several types of tax credits identifying the eligibility requirements and changes created by recent tax legislation to individual tax returns.
After studying the materials in Chapter 1, answer the exam questions 1 to 43.
Chapter 2 Property Transfers & Retirement Plans
At the start of Chapter 2, participants should identify the following topics for study:
* Capital gains & losses
* Installment sales
* Involuntary conversions
* At-risk rules
* Like-kind exchanges
* Qualified deferred compensation
* Basic requirements of a qualified pension plan
* Basic types of corporate plans
* IRAs and SIMPLE plans
After reading Chapter 2, participants will be able to:
1. Specify the differences among property sales, exchanges of property and sales of easements, and determine capital gain and ordinary income tax treatment in property sales.
2. Identify the application elements of the §121 home sale exclusion noting associated safe harbor regulations.
3. Recognize the importance of the installment method and §453 requirements, and specify the §453 basic terminology.
4. Identify the variables that determine which §1038 rules apply noting distinctions among the rules, calculations, and effects of repossessions of personal property and repossessions of real property, and recognize when a bad debt deduction may be taken on a repossession.
5. Specify the tax treatment of a §1033 involuntary conversion by:
a. Determining related terminology and the tax consequences of receiving a condemnation award or severance damages;
b. Identifying gain or loss from condemnations noting the reporting of payments associated with involuntary conversions; and
c. Determining whether clients can postpone gain on condemned, damaged, destroyed, or stolen property and specifying the related party rule.
6. Recognize the scope of the §465 at-risk rules and their effect on property depreciation, and identify the requirements, mechanics, and types of §1031 like-kind exchange.
7. Identify qualified deferred compensation plans and nonqualified plans by:
a. Determining the major benefit of the qualified deferred plans and the calculation basis of benefits and contributions; and
b. Recognizing the current and deferred advantages and the disadvantages of corporate plans noting fiduciary responsibilities and prohibited transactions.
8. Identify the requirements of the basic forms of qualified pension plans permitting clients to compare and contrast such plans.
9. Determine the distinctions between defined contribution and defined benefit plans, specify the types of defined contribution plans, and identify their effect on retirement benefits.
10. Identify how self-employed plans differ from qualified plans for other business types and owners, and specify the requirements of IRAs and the special requirements of Roth IRAs.
11. Determine what constitutes SEPs and SIMPLEs noting the mechanics and eligibility requirements of each type of plan.
After studying the materials in Chapter 2, answer the exam questions 44 to 85.
Chapter 3 Losses, AMT & Compliance
At the start of Chapter 3, participants should identify the following topics for study:
* Passive loss rules
* Suspension of disallowed losses under §469
* Computing the alternative minimum tax
* Minimum AMT tax credit
* Reporting compliance rules and provisions
* Accuracy related penalties
* Information reporting penalty final regulations
* Penalty for unrealistic position
* Statute of limitations for assessments
* Examination of returns
After reading Chapter 3, participants will be able to:
1. Identify basic income types and the “buckets” of income and loss under §469 that can influence what can be deducted, determine the suspension of disallowed passive losses, and recognize the special rules for transfers deemed not to be fully taxable dispositions.
2. Specify differences between the regular and alternative minimum tax noting the application tax preferences and adjustments, and determine the life of assets under ADS, alternative minimum taxable income, passive losses under the AMT, and what constitutes ACE.
3. Identify the reporting requirements for real estate transactions, independent contractors, and cash reporting.
4. Recognize types of accuracy related and unrealistic position penalties, and specify the IRS's examination of returns policy and assessment process including applicable statute of limitations.
After studying the materials in Chapter 3, answer the exam questions 86 to 106.
Chapter 4 Business Forms & Characteristics
At the start of Chapter 4, participants should identify the following topics for study:
* Sole proprietorships
* Estates & trusts
* Unincorporated associations
* Corporation defined
* Subchapter S corporations
* Ordinary “C” corporations
* Personal service corporations
* Corporate tax rates
* Alternative minimum tax
After reading Chapter 4, participants will be able to:
1. Specify the advantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorships including self-employed taxes and payment requirements and identify the characterization of sole proprietorship assets upon disposition.
2. Recognize partnerships identifying the advantages and disadvantages, recall partnerships taxation particularly the application of the passive loss (§469) and at-risk rules (§465), and choose correct partnership income or loss reporting noting husband and wife partnerships and limited partnerships.
3. Identify the reporting requirements of estates, trusts and unincorporated associations, determine what constitutes a “corporation” from a subchapter S or regular corporation, specify the characteristics of a personal service corporation noting the alternative minimum tax for such corporations, and identify preferences and adjustments that apply to different types of taxpayers.
After studying the materials in Chapter 4, answer the exam questions 107 to 116.
Chapter 5 Corporate Formation & Capitalization
At the start of Chapter 5, participants should identify the following topics for study:
* Start-up & organizational expenses
* Tax recognition of the corporate entity
* Capital gains & losses
* Dividends received deduction
* Charitable contributions
* Accumulated earnings tax trap
* Accounting periods & methods
* Multiple corporations
After reading Chapter 5, participants will be able to:
1. Identify the transfer of money, property or both by prospective shareholders and the basic requirements associated with §351.
2. Recognize the requirements of §1244 and the small business stock exclusion, determine the differences between start-up and organizational expenses and, identify the elements of corporate tax recognition including the dangers of corporate ownership and capital gains and losses noting dividends received treatment.
3. Specify the requirements for corporate charitable contributions, identify former §341 collapsible corporations, and determine how to avoid §541 status particularly as to personal service contracts.
4. Identify §531 status and determine accounting periods and methods available to corporations.
5. Specify methods for identifying inventory items including common methods of valuing inventory and, identify multiple corporation tax advantages, and the tax consequences of corporate liquidations and distributions.
After studying the materials in Chapter 5, answer the exam questions 117 to 132.
Chapter 6 Corporate Principals & Employees
At the start of Chapter 6, participants should identify the follo